Scoliosis is a lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine, generally grouped into Structural, such as congenital (caused at birth), idiopathic (unknown disease), and degenerative (I.e. osteoporosis), and Functional, which is muscular in nature and caused due to poor posture and/or muscle tension.

Functional scoliosis or non-structural scoliosis involves a temporary side-to-side (lateral) change of spinal curvature caused by muscle tension and spasms, or inflammatory conditions, which may produce muscle spasm. It may occur at one segment of the spine causing a ‘c’ shaped curve, or may appear at various segments, causing an ‘s’ shaped curvature of the spine.

While small curves generally do not cause problems, if a functional scoliosis curve gets worse, the spine will also rotate or twist, in addition to curving side to side, causing pain and discomfort. As this is muscular in nature, Myotherapy is an ideal therapy as it specialises in reducing muscle and fascial tension and restoring the body to its natural alignment.


There are numerous causes, though most of them are caused by poor posture and muscle tension caused due to repetitive work or exercise where using one side of the body which involves twisting.

  • Carrying heavy items (e.g. school bag) on one shoulder
  • Leaning to one side / resting on one arm on computer chair
  • Racquet sports and other sports which are one side dominant and include rotation (e.g. tennis, squash, golf, cricket etc.)
  • Repetitive movements at work (e.g. digging, shoveling etc.)
  • Long periods as stationary poor posture (e.g. laying twisted on couch)

Signs and symptoms

  • Shoulders at different heights—one shoulder blade more prominent than the other
  • Head not centered directly above the pelvis
  • Uneven waist – Appearance of a raised, prominent hip
  • Rib cages at different heights
  • Changes in look or texture of skin overlying the spine
  • Leaning of entire body to one side
  • Rib prominence when bent over


Rest, stretching and modification of lifestyle are essential, combined with Myotherapy treatment. Your therapist will discuss your physical activity and work, and conduct range of movement assessments to establish the cause and most suitable treatment for your condition.

Successful treatment outcome of Functional Scoliosis is very high. A variety of techniques such as Myofascial Release, Cupping, Dry Needling, TENS and Trigger Point Therapy may be used. Following treatment, you will be prescribed stretching exercises and given advice to improve your posture and reduce the reoccurrence of the condition. Your Myotherapist will establish ongoing options with you and may refer you to an Osteopath or other Allied Health Therapist if required.

types of scoliosis

For further information and to find out how Spectrum Health and Wellbeing can tailor treatment to assist with your condition, contact the clinic today on 0410 429 686.

Spectrum Health and Wellbeing is unique in that it incorporates knowledge and skills derived from Myotherapy, Reflexology, Reiki, Oriental/Sports and Relaxation Massage, Psychotherapy, Strength and Condition, Fitness, Exercise Prescription, Martial arts and Asian philosophy together with Western medicine to maximise the effectiveness of your treatment.

Myotherapy incorporates techniques from other disciplines such as Osteopathy and Physiotherapy, focusing on the assessment of the soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, fascia etc.) to eliminate dysfunction and aid recovery. Techniques from other manual therapies (e.g. Dry Needling, Cupping, Manual Lymphatic Drainage etc.) are included, as well as utilising exercise prescription, stretching and electro-therapy to maximise results.

About Spectrum Health & Wellbeing

Spectrum Health & Wellbeing Myotherapy, Reflexology and Reiki is located in Rowville, near Knox, Boronia, Bayswater, Ferntree Gully and Scoresby. We provide specialised integrative solutions for children, teens and adults using Myotherapy, Reflexology and Reiki.

CEO and Principal Therapist Derek Miglietti, has been working in Health and Fitness since 1988 as a therapist, instructor, lecturer (16+ years) and consultant. As a specialist Integrative Therapist Derek has worked in nursing homes, with children, the AFL, elite athletes, state-sporting teams and in the corporate sector.